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Updates: polution; hunting; animal slaughter; climate change

This is where you can talk about every subject (previously it was called shout room)

Re: Updates: polution; hunting; animal slaughter; climate ch

PostAuthor: Anthea » Tue Jul 28, 2020 1:24 am

Don’t Trash our Future

Daily Express launches campaign to clean up Britain

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Today we are standing up to it, and urging you to do the same, with our new campaign Don’t Trash Our Future. The Daily Express, together with local community and information platform InYourArea.co.uk and our nationwide network of sister newspapers and websites, have teamed up with Clean Up Britain to push for changes we believe will leave no choice but for both irresponsible litter louts and the authorities who have the power to enforce the law but so often don’t to take long-lasting action.

Our campaign has two aims:

    To increase the maximum punishment for littering to a £1,000 fine or 100 hours of supervised community litter picking

    To make it compulsory for local authorities to enforce the law on littering
We are urging you to sign our petition to see it – with the aim of reaching 100,000 signatures so we can lobby the Government to change the legislation and shed the country of its long-held reputation as a litter-plagued nation.

We’re also calling on councils to flex their muscles in the fight against rubbish and make far better use of the powers they already have available.

A Freedom of Information request sent by Clean Up Britain to 169 councils in England and Wales found the majority (56 percent) were issuing less than one fine per week for littering and more than two dozen (16 percent) don’t issue fines at all.

In a recent survey conducted by InYourArea.co.uk, more than 7,500 respondents overwhelmingly said littering has a negative effect on them and their neighbourhoods and classed it as a big problem.

JB Gill, a former member of superstar pop group JLS who is now a passionate advocate for education and the countryside, has signed up as an ambassador for Don’t Trash Our Future.

He said: “It’s great to see that people recognise that litter is a public health concern and a major problem. The only way to stop the damage being done to our health, nature and wildlife is to sign the Don’t Trash our Future petition, object to local councils not enforcing fines and demand a higher penalty for those dropping litter.”

John Read, the founder of Clean Up Britain, said: "Clean Up Britain is very excited to be running the Don't Trash Our Future campaign with InYourArea.co.uk

“We know from the countless people who contact us that there is a huge desire – from people all over the country – to try to solve the litter epidemic.

“We are all so fortunate to live in a beautiful country, but equally, it's so depressing to see so many people littering it.

“This has to stop, as it shames Britain.

“There has to be zero tolerance towards littering.

“Littering is symptomatic of a lack of pride in our local communities, and a lack of respect for other people and the environment generally.

“This campaign is about challenging and reversing these negative sentiments, and saying enough is enough.

“Let's be grateful for what we have, take care of our country and, above all, 'Don't Trash Our Future'.”

Mr Read added: “The Government needs to start getting serious about confronting people who litter.

“It's a criminal offence to litter and it needs to be treated that way.

“Fines need to be increased to a level which shows the Government – and society generally – will no longer tolerate this antisocial and selfish behaviour.

“In addition, we also need to ensure fines are a credible deterrent, by making it compulsory

for councils to enforce the law, which currently it's not."

Journalist and television presenter Jeremy Paxman is Clean Up Britain’s patron.

Jeremy Paxman is Clean Up Britain’s patron

He said: “There is only one sustainable and effective solution to littering: changing the behaviour of people who do it. Nothing else will work.

“It pollutes the environment. It's dangerous to humans and animals.

“It depresses people because mucky surroundings make them feel worthless. It's expensive – councils across the UK spend over a billion pounds a year trying to clean it up.”

The campaign has also received the backing of broadcaster and animal rights campaigner Clare Balding and journalist Alice Arnold.

They said: "It's very sad to see so much litter in this country, both in the countryside and in urban areas.

“It has a demoralising effect on all of us and, also, has a very negative impact on animals.

“A shocking reflection of this is that RSPCA vets, last year, treated over 5,000 cases of animals who've been injured by, ingested or become trapped by litter.

“We hope the Clean Up Britain and InYourArea national campaign, Don't Trash Our Future, will change the attitudes and behaviour of people who do litter, and make us all take more care of the naturally beautiful country we are fortunate to share together."

Further support has come from television host Gabby Logan and her husband Kenny, a former Scotland international rugby player turned broadcaster.

They said: “We’re urging everyone to get behind the Don’t Trash Our Future national anti-litter campaign, and show how much we care about our naturally beautiful country. Littering is senseless, selfish and costly to us all.

“It’s only a minority of people who do it, but it negatively affects the quality of life for absolutely everyone.

Why do people do this? Take your litter home

“To use the sporting analogy... it’s a self-inflicted, needless, own goal. It doesn’t cost a penny to do the socially responsible right thing, and put your litter in a bin. Just do it! Please.”

Ed Walker, the Editor-in-Chief of InYourArea.co.uk, said that it is time for littering to stop.

“InYourArea are proud to be working with Clean Up Britain to tackle the country’s litter and waste epidemic.

“Our users are sick of seeing their neighbourhoods being treated like rubbish dumps. Don’t Trash Our Future will hopefully make councils and members of the public think harder about the littering issue.”

The campaign has also received the backing of behavioural science expert Merle Van Der Akker, the President of Behavioural Insights at Warwick Business School.

He said, “It is not about the absolute value of the fine, it's about the message it sends.

“This level of fine tells you that this behaviour is deemed costly, and quite frankly unacceptable.

“Sometimes it does take drastic measures to get this message across. From a behavioural science perspective, presenting people with such a message triggers a response of shock, because of the sheer size of the fine.

“People then reason that if the fine is so big, the issue at hand must be of great importance or urgency. This is how you get people to pay attention and take action. No one wants to be fined £1,000 for throwing away a £1 can of drink.”

Our survey says

More than 7,500 people responded to a nationwide survey on InYourArea.co.uk about littering and its effects.

The results showed people are really angry and sad about litter in their area, which they say is a big problem and getting worse during the pandemic.

They want more to be done.

Half of respondents (50 percent) perceived litter to be a big problem in their area, with a further 35 percent saying it was a major problem.

Just 14 percent said litter was a small problem, and only 1 percent said it was no problem.

Litter has increased since lockdown has eased according to almost two-thirds of people (64 percent)

A quarter (27 percent) said it had stayed the same, while just 5 percent said it had decreased

Respondents aren't the people causing the problem – 79 percent said they had never dropped litter

Fifteen percent said they may have dropped small wrappers, cigarette butts or gum on occasions, while 3 percent said they did litter

People are very split on whether or not they'd confront litterers

Forty-two percent said they were very or somewhat likely to confront them, while 40 percent said they were very or somewhat unlikely to do so

Four in five people (80 percent) said they would not confront someone dropping litter because they'd worry about their reaction

Just 2 percent said they wouldn't do it because of it was none of their business and 1 percent said they would notice the litterer

Respondents were likely to report people for dropping litter

Twenty-five percent said they were very likely to, while 39 percent said they were somewhat likely, with 36 percent saying they wouldn't

Most (71 percent) would report the person dropping litter to the council, while 11 percent said police, and 11 percent said they'd post on social media

Ninety-eight percent of respondents said they had never been fined for dropping litter (probably not surprising as most said they didn't drop it), with 1 percent saying they had been fined

Ninety percent also said they didn't know anyone else who had been fined, with 9 percent saying they did know someone.

Most people (86 percent) said they knew littering was a criminal offence

Most people thought the fine for littering should be higher than the current maximum of £150

A third (33 percent) said it should be between £250 to £500, 16 percent said it should be £501 to £1,000, while 18 percent said it should be more than £1,000

A quarter (26 percent) said there shouldn't be a change and 7 percent think the maximum should be less than £150

The vast majority of people (97 percent) think their council should enforce the law against littering

Most people don't think the council is doing an a great job of dealing with litter – on a scale of one to 10, the average was four

Twenty-one percent gave a score of 1, 10 percent a score of 2, 13 percent a score of 3, 11 percent a score of 4, 17 percent a score of 5, 10 percent a score of 6, 9 percent a score of 7, 5 percent a score of 8, 1 percent a score of 9 and 2 percent a score of 10

Four in five people (81 percent) think there are too few public bins in their area

Sixteen percent said the number was about right, while 1 percent said there were too many

Despite all this, half (52 percent) of respondents said the cleanliness of their neighbourhood was excellent

But 42 percent said it was dreadful

People largely agree that litter is a problem (and it's got worse)

Ninety-six percent agreed that litter is a public health concern

Ninety-five percent agreed that litter is a threat to animals and wildlife

Ninety-seven percent agreed that litter is unattractive

Fifty-eight percent agreed that littering is worse since COVID-19 (17 percent disagreed)

When asked to rank these in order:

Should the council enforce the law?

Forty-four percent put litter is a public health concern top

Forty-five percent put litter is a threat to animals and wildlife top

Forty-two percent put litter is unattractive top

Twenty-seven percent put littering is worse since COVID-19

More than half (55 percent) of people said seeing litter makes them angry

A fifth (20 percent) said it makes them feel sad or depressed, while a further fifth just said they hate it

One percent said it keeps someone in a job, 1 percent that there are more important problems in the world, and 1 percent that there's nothing that they can do about it

Organise your own clean-up

As well as fighting for long-lasting change, we’re encouraging people to take up the fight in their streets too by organising community litter picks.

Register your interest through this form and we will support and publicise your efforts.

JB Gill, 32, rose to fame as a member of one of the UK’s biggest boybands – JLS. They dominated the charts for five years, boasting 5 number 1 singles, over 10 million record sales worldwide and a multitude of awards.

Four years ago, JB set up a farm in the Kent countryside, where he lives with his wife, Chloe, four-year-old son, Ace and 7-month-old daughter, Chiara.

Their smallholding successfully produces award winning KellyBronze turkeys and free-range Tamworth pork.

Now an established member of the farming community, JB has used his success within the entertainment industry to highlight his passion to educate children about the origins of their food and he is the lead presenter on CBeebies’ Bafta-nominated television series, Down On The Farm (created for children aged 0-6 years, teaching them about life on the farm and in the outdoors).

JB’s enthusiasm for farming life and knowledge of countryside issues has seen him regularly contribute to BBC’s Countryfile and Springwatch.

It’s not hard – don’t drop litter, says ED WALKER

Everyone hates litter.

And for more than 50 years, countries, cities and communities have waged war on the filthy litterbugs who shame our streets and parks.

Who can forget Keep Britain Tidy? Then came Don’t be a Litterbug, Be a Binner Not a Sinner and Let's get Bitter about Litter.

And The Golden Skip prize goes to Australia for the crude-but-cracking Don’t be a Tosser campaign that went worldwide.

So much effort. So much creativity.

Yet still so much filth and debris making lives miserable.

But now, more than ever before, we can consign litter louts to the rubbish bin of history.

In Your Area has nearly 4m users across the UK.

We operate in, and have users in, every single UK postcode district.

Which means we have a huge army of people who care and can make things happen.

So today, on behalf of 4m people, we say: DON’T TRASH OUR FUTURE and we demand the punishment for littering is raised to a £1,000 fine or 100 hours of supervised community litter picking.

And we insist that it’s compulsory for local authorities to enforce the law.

How do we make this reality?

Simply sign our petition and at 100,000 signatures we will call for it be considered for a debate in Parliament.

And with 4m voices behind us we will lobby MPs and ministers to drive through real change that makes things cleaner, healthier, and more beautiful In Your Area.

Together we can win – and ensure those who don’t have respect for our streets, fields and pathways Don’t Trash our Future.

https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/13149 ... up-Britain
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Re: Updates: polution; hunting; animal slaughter; climate ch

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Re: Updates: polution; hunting; animal slaughter; climate ch

PostAuthor: Anthea » Thu Aug 06, 2020 2:20 pm

Beaver families win right to remain

Fifteen families of beavers have been given the permanent "right to remain" on the River Otter in East Devon

Image

The decision was made by the government following a five-year study by the Devon Wildlife Trust into beavers' impact on the local environment.

The Trust called it "the most ground-breaking government decision for England's wildlife for a generation".

It's the first time an extinct native mammal has been given government backing to be reintroduced in England.

Environment minister Rebecca Pow said that in the future they could be considered a "public good" and farmers and landowners would pay to have them on their land.

Beavers have the power to change entire landscapes. They feel safer in deep water, so have become master makers of dams and pools.

They build complex homes - known as lodges or burrows - with underwater entrances.

The River Otter beaver trial showed that the animals' skill replenished and enhanced the ecology of the river catchment in East Devon.

They increased the "fish biomass", and improved the water quality. This meant more food for otters - beavers are herbivores - and clearer and cleaner water in which kingfishers could flourish.

Their dams worked as natural flood-defences, helping to reduce the risk of homes flooding downstream.

The evidence gathered by researchers during the trial helped the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to make what it called its "pioneering" decision to give the beavers the right to live, roam, and reproduce on the river.

Beavers were hunted to extinction 400 years ago for their meat, furry water-resistant pelts, and a substance they secrete called castoreum, used in food, medicine and perfume.

In 2013 video evidence emerged of a beaver with young on the River Otter, near Ottery St Mary. It was the conclusive proof of the first wild breeding beaver population in England.

It was a mystery how they came to be there. Some suspect that the creatures were illegally released by wildlife activists who, on social media, are called "beaver bombers".

The beavers faced being removed. However, the Devon Wildlife Trust, working with the University of Exeter, Clinton Devon Estates, and the Derek Gow Consultancy, won a five-year licence to study it.

Now there are at least 50 adults and kits on the river - and they are there to stay.

Peter Burgess, director of conservation at DWT, said: "This is the most ground-breaking government decision for England's wildlife for a generation. Beavers are nature's engineers and have the unrivalled ability to breathe new life into our rivers.

Image

Environment minister Rebecca Pow visited one of the stretches of river where the beavers are active. She said that the project, "was so important because it is informing how we think in the future."

She described beavers as a "natural management tool", and said that having them on land could be seen as providing a public benefit for which farmers and landowners could get paid, under the new subsidy system once the UK leaves the EU.

She said: "In our new system of environmental land management, those with land will be paid for delivering services, such as flood management and increased biodiversity.

"Using beavers in a wider catchment sense, farmers could be paid to have them on their land."

While the future of the River Otter beavers is now secure, it's not clear what will happen to other wild populations across England.

There is evidence that beavers are active on the River Wye, the River Tamar, and perhaps also in the Somerset levels.

Beavers were reintroduced to Scotland a decade ago, and last year they were made a protected species. However, farming leaders raised concerns about the dams flooding valuable agricultural land.

Last year, Scottish Natural Heritage granted licences to cull around a fifth of the beaver population.

Mark Owen, head of freshwater at the Angling Trust, said: "There remain serious concerns around the impact the release of beavers could have on protected migratory fish species, such as salmon and sea trout."

He said that the trust was "saddened that the minister has decided to favour an introduced species over species already present and in desperate need of more protection".

Those involved in the beaver trial believe that any wider reintroduction project needs careful management. Prof Richard Brazier, from the University of Exeter, said the activities of beavers help to lock up carbon, along with increasing biodiversity.

The rodents are also encouraging "wildlife tourism" with people wanting to spot them bring in welcome revenue to the local economy.

He said: "The benefits of beavers far outweigh any costs associated with their management."

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-53658375
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Re: Updates: polution; hunting; animal slaughter; climate ch

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Aug 10, 2020 1:36 pm

Biggest Disaster In Years

Thousands of volunteers in Mauritius are racing to contain a catastrophic oil spill swamping its pristine ocean and beaches on Sunday

Image

The bulk carrier MV Wakashio ran aground two weeks ago and has been seeping fuel into a protected marine park boasting unspoiled coral reefs, mangrove forests and endangered species, prompting the government to declare an unprecedented environmental emergency.

Attempts to stabilise the stricken vessel, which ran aground on July 25 but only started leaking oil this week, and attempts to pump 4,000 tonnes of fuel from its hold have failed, and local authorities fear rough seas could further rupture the tanker.

Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth said response crews had managed to stymie the leak for now, but were bracing for the worst. The cracks have grown. The situation is even worse,' he told reporters late Sunday. 'The risk of the boat breaking in half still exists.'

Japan said Sunday it would send a six-member expert team to assist, joining France which dispatched a naval vessel and military aircraft from nearby Reunion Island after Mauritius issued an appeal for international help.

Hell in paradise: Oil from the stricken and crumbling tanker MV Wakashio drifts towards Mauritius's pristine coastline

Thousands of volunteers in Mauritius are racing to contain a catastrophic oil spill swamping its pristine ocean and beaches

A cleanup crew working at the site of an oil spill after the bulk carrier ship MV Wakashio ran aground on a reef, at Riviere des Creoles, Mauritius, August 8, 2020

Volunteers line the beaches, many smeared head-to-toe in black sludge, in a desperate attempt to hold back the oily tide

The aerial view above was taken on August 6, 2020 and shows a large patch of leaked oil and the vessel MV Wakashio, belonging to a Japanese company but Panamanian-flagged, that ran aground near Blue Bay Marine Park off the coast of south-east Mauritius

Thick muck has spilled into unspoiled marine habitats and white-sand beaches, causing what experts say is irreparable damage

The French Defence Ministry leaked this photo showing oil leaking leaking from the carrier ship. There is mounting pressure on the government to explain why did not do more when the ship first ran aground

The oil tanker was sailing from China to Brazil when it hit coral reefs near Pointe d'Esny, an ecological jewel surrounded by idyllic beaches, colourful reefs, sanctuaries for rare and endemic wildlife

Thousands of volunteers, many smeared head-to-toe in black sludge, are marshalling along the coastline, stringing together miles of improvised floating barriers made of straw in a desperate attempt to hold back the oily tide.

Mitsui OSK Lines, which operates the vessel owned by another Japanese company, said Sunday that 1,000 tonnes of fuel oil had escaped so far.

'We are terribly sorry,' the shipping firm's vice president, Akihiko Ono, told reporters in Tokyo, promising to 'make all-out efforts to resolve the case'.

But conservationists say the damage could already be done.

Aerial images show the enormous scale of the disaster, with huge stretches of azure seas around the marooned cargo ship stained a deep inky black, and the region's fabled lagoons and inlets clouded over.

Around 1,000 tons of oil have already been spilt into the Indian Ocean prompting the government in Mauritius to declare an unprecedented environmental emergency

Volunteers clean up oil washing up on the beach as they try to contain the oil slick. Anxious residents are making floating barriers of straw in an attempt to contain and absorb the oil

People scooping up leaked oil. Environment and fisheries ministers have been called on to resign and volunteers have ignored orders to leave the clean-up to local authorities

A French military transport aircraft carrying pollution control equipment after landing on the Indian Ocean island on Sunday

Thick muck has inundated unspoiled marine habitats and white-sand beaches, causing what experts say is irreparable damage to the fragile coastal ecosystem upon which Mauritius and its economy relies.

'People by the thousands are coming together. No one is listening to the government anymore,' said Ashok Subron, an environmental activist at Mahebourg, one of the worst-hit areas.

'People have realised that they need to take things into their hands. We are here to protect our fauna and flora.'

The oil slick is drifting to the northwest around the Ile aux Aigrettes island and towards Mahebourg as frustration mounts over why more wasn't done to prevent the ecological disaster

Police said Sunday they would execute a search warrant granted by a Mauritius court to board the Wakashio and seize items of interest, including the ship's log book and communication as part of its investigation into the accident.

The ship's captain, a 58-year-old Indian, will accompany officers on the search, police said. Twenty crew members evacuated safely from the Japanese-owned but Panamanian-flagged ship when it ran aground are under surveillance.

Prime Minister Jugnauth has convened a crisis meeting later Sunday, after expressing concern that forecast bad weather could further complicate efforts to stymie the spill, and cause more structural damage to the hull.

Conservationists fear the damage could already be done to the region's fabled lagoons and inlets as images show black oil washed up on the coastline

Police boarded the Japanese-owned but Panamanian-flagged Wakashio on Sunday and seized the ship's log book and black box as part of investigations into the disaster.

But it also relies on its natural bounty for food and income. Seafarers in Mahebourg, where the once-spotless seas have turned a sickly brown, worried about the future.

'Fishing is our only activity. We don't know how we will be able to feed our families,' one fishermen, who gave his name only as Michael, told AFP.

Link to Full Article - Photos:

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/articl ... reefs.html
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